In 1973, the BBC broadcast an 11-part documentary on cultural evolution written and hosted by Polish-born mathematician and poet Jacob Bronowski. Its title, The Ascent of Man, played on the title of Darwin’s 1871 book on natural evolution. In this episode, Bronowski suggests that toleration of uncertainty is necessary in pursuing knowledge. He argues that insisting on certainty is what allowed for the Holocaust and other genocides. The series was released on DVD in 2007. After the screening of Bronowski’s Knowledge & Certainty, we’re adding speakers Barrie Gewanter and her friend and ally Ute Ritz-Deutch. They will join us in a public conversation about the similarities and contrasts in their family’s refugee histories, and how they both reacted to the realities of the Holocaust by heading on a path towards human rights work; Ute from a Christian childhood in Germany and Barrie from an American childhood with her Jewish European grandparents.
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